In recent years, the convenience of building websites has expanded. All credits go to content management systems (CMS), like WordPress and Joomla, business owners are now developing their websites.
Because of these CMS, many non-technical people are now experts in web development but they don’t know how to protect their website.
When customers use a website for a payment processor, they want their data to be safe. Visitors don’t want their personal information open publicly.
No matter you run a little business or enterprise, users always expect a secure online experience.
There are some ways to assure yourself, your employees, and your customers that your website is safe.
Take necessary steps towards improving your site’s security. Help keep data far away from prying eyes.
No method can guarantee your site will forever be “hacker-free.” the utilization of preventative methods will reduce your site’s vulnerability.
Website security is both an easy and sophisticated process. There are some essential steps that you can take to improve your website security before it is too late.
In the online world, owners must keep customer information safe. Take all necessary precautions and leave no clue.
If you’ve got an internet site, it’s always better to be safe than sorry.
Now the question is how you can Improve Your Websites Security
There are many ways you can improve your website safety but we will discuss the easiest and effective one
1. Keep Software and Plugins Up-To-Date
Every day, millions of websites are compromised due to outdated software. Potential hackers and bots are scanning sites to attack.
Updates are necessary for the health and security of your website. If your site’s software plugins are not up-to-date then your site is not secure.
Update all the software and plugins seriously.
The majority of updates contain security enhancements and vulnerability repairs. Check your website for updates or set auto-updates. It is another option to ensure website security.
Check every day for any updates. If available, then do it immediately. Don’t wait for a long time. The longer you wait, the less secure your site will be.
2. Add HTTPS and an SSL Certificate
To keep your website safe, you must need a secure URL. For security purposes all Morden sites implement HTTPS over HTTP; to deliver private information.
What is HTTPS?
HTTPS stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. This protocol is used for a secure connector over the internet.
Your website also needs SSL for a secure online connection. If your website asks visitors for their personal information like name, number, payment, etc. then you need to encrypt your connection
What is SSL?
SSL or Secure Sockets Layer is a protocol for establishing authenticated and encrypted links between networked computers.
It is simple to encrypt all the data so no one can read or modify the file without proper authentication.
3. Choose a Strong Password
Create a strong password for your website, database and login information is important. A lot of people using the same password again and again to remember their login information.
But this is a big security mistake.
Create a unique password that is complicated, random, and difficult to guess. Then, store them in your local system.
For example, you might use an 8-digit mixture of letters and numbers and special characters as a password. And do not share your password with your co-workers or friends or anyone.
If you are a business owner or CMS manager, ensure all employees change their passwords frequently.
4. Use a Secure Web Host
Choosing the right hosting is very important. Because all of your files are stored there.
Many hosts provide server security features that better protect your uploaded website data. There are certain items to check for when choosing a host.
1. Does the web host offer a Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP)? SFTP.
2. Is FTP Use by Unknown User disabled?
3. Does it use a Rootkit Scanner?
4. Does it offer file backup services?
5. How well do they keep up to date on security upgrades?
Because it is cheap it doesn’t mean it provides bad service. Many big companies use these servers.
These two servers are awesome. Also, it fulfills all the security issues. I used both of these servers and one thing I have to say is that these are awesome.
7. Backup Your Website
Backup is one of the best solutions to keep your site safe. Whenever change your site structure then taking a backup is a good practice.
Keep your website backup into your local machine. And do not store your backup in the server. Because if your website is hacked then hackers can steal your website data.
There are several ways that you can take your backup. If you are using WordPress, then “All in one wp migration” is the perfect solution. Also, you can take backup manually from the backend of the server-side.
By following this, you can recover files from any point before the hack or virus occurs.
8. Disable Directory Listing
When your web server does not find an index file (i.e. a file like index.php or index.html), then it automatically displays an index page that shows all the content of the directory. This is a serious security issue and this could be used by hackers to find out if you have any files with known vulnerabilities, so they can take advantage of these files to gain access to your server.
It is best practice to disable the directory listing.
To disable directory listing just follow these steps
1. go to your Cpanel
2. find “Indexes” or “Folder Index Manager”
3. select “public_html”
4. then select “No Indexing”
After all these changes now if you search any folder that does not exist index file the 403 forbidden error will occur.
Security headers allow the server to configure extra security information to the web browser and govern how a web browser and visitor can interact with your web application.
Implementing these security headers response policies in right place adds another level of protection that can stop commonly use attacks such as code injection, cross-site scripting attacks, and clickjacking.
To set the Security headers response policies you need to access the .htaccess file. And you can find the file easily on your server where all files are located.
10. Changing default login Url
Change your WordPress default login URL. WordPress has a default login URL and that is https://yoursite.com/wp-admin. Because most of the websites are made through WordPress so you need to change that URL.
To change the login URL just follow these steps:
1. Download the file wp-login.php
2. open the file in a code editor(sublime,notepad++ or VS code)
3. Find wp-login.php and replace it with your name or anything you want. For example wp-login -> primer
4. save the file and rename it primer(same name that you just replaced)
5. upload the file and delete the old wp-login.php file
After all, this changes your login URL look, like this https://yoursite.com/primer.php
11. Apply web application firewall
Make sure that you apply a web application firewall. The firewall works between your server and the data connection.
Today most of the firewalls are cloud-based. Good server providers are always protecting your site with a firewall.
You can also use Cloudflare DNS for protecting your site. Just register your site and activate all the security components and you are all set. It filters other types of unwanted traffic like spammers and malicious bots.
As a web developer or a business owner, you can not merely create a website and forgot. Yes, it is very easy to create a website nowadays but security is the main thing that you have to take care of it.
Always protective when it comes to your company’s or customer’s data. Whether your site asks for payment or personal information from your visitors, you as an owner always take care of their data.